Remedial factors of the resort

A resort is protected zone, rich for natural resources, explored and used for illness prevention and treatment.

Natural remedial resources are mineral springs, muds, landscape and climate conditions used for treatment and prevention of diseases and recreation.

The resorts around the world, taking into consideration their remedial factors, can subdivided into climate resorts, balneotherapeutic resorts and sulphuric mud resorts. The resorts combining all the factors mentioned above or almost all known and used nowadays natural recreational resources are considered unique.

Sochi is the one - leading resort city on the territory of the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Region, the largest resort in Russia. Wild subtropical climate, warm unfreezing Sea, lush vegetation, beautiful landscapes, the richest hydrothermal springs base* provide ideal conditions to build multi profile and multi purpose resort: seaside climatic, spa and mud resort, mineral water, mountain climatic resort.

The terrain.

Sochi is rich for diverse landscapes and exotic natural objects: hilly foothills, coastal lowlands, snowy mountain peaks, valleys among the rocks, waterfalls and canyons with mountain rivers, caves, lakes, parks and forest parks create a picturesque view and produce positive emotional impact. Such diverse terrain of the territory makes it highly attractive for tourists and determines remedial factors of the climate.

Sochi climate was formed under the influence of warm Black Sea basin and the Caucasian mountains preventing cold northern winds from blowing into the city. That is why the Black Sea coast stretching from Adler to Tuapse is a unique territory in Russia with mild subtropical climate. And this is the northernmost district in the climatic zone.

There are two climatic periods in Sochi: warm period - from May to October and cold period - from November to April. The calendar winter is mild and lacks frosts. Average temperature in January is about +5C +6C. In March the sun is already rich for erithermal rays which makes it possible to not only sunbathe but also to get a stable southern suntan. Summer heat is softened by cool breezes from the sea and by fens - warm winds from the mountains.

Clear cloudless weather predominates. Average temperatures in July are +23C +23C. Autumn is dry and warm, lasts long and is called “Velvet Season”.

Average temperatures and air humidity greatly affect people’s health, especially patients with cardiovascular diseases. Total precipitation a year, 1500-2000 inches. Sunshine amounts for 2250 hours a year. Annual sun radiance is 117ccal/square sm. Average air humidity is about 75%-80%.

Climate of Sochi Resort is characterized by the combination of average long term factors, which, being comfortable for people, create the most beneficial conditions for the recovery and sufficiently increase the specific treatment effectiveness. At the same time the effect of the combination of all the remedial factors taken together greatly increases the effectiveness of each of them. The most important role in the recovery process plays the switch from patient’s usual environment with its common stresses to more comfortable conditions of the resort. Pure and fresh air of the coastal climate of Sochi, rich for ozon and sea salts, intense sunshine, lack of abrupt temperature changes improve muscle body tone, strengthen mind and body.

Sun therapy (heliotherapy) and air therapy play the most important role in climate environmental therapy.


Due to the geographical location of Sochi resort the sun reaches its highest position in the sky over the horizon from 23 grades in December to 70 grades in June, which determines high level of sun radiation. That is the optimal level of ultra- violet rays for people.

UV radiation causes diverse physical reaction of all human organs and systems. Under the influence of sun rays human body elaborates active biological substances; oxygen restoration processes and metabolism increase, body gas exchange improves.

Long wave rays (infrared and warm) that amount for about 70% of sun radiation mostly have heating effect on human body. They penetrate up to 4 centimeters into the skin and the underlying tissues, dilate blood vessels thus resolving the seats of chronic inflammatory processes.

Short wave UV rays penetrate 0,6-1 millimeters into the skin but their biological activity is much higher than that of the long wave UV rays: they have a preventive, germicide and pigmentary effect; stimulate vitamins synthesis, improve skin, activate and anticipate enzymes and immune system.

However long exposure to direct sun rays, especially in summer months, can cause sun overdose which threatens not only sunburns but even worse consequences.

Air therapy.

Therapeutic effects of Sochi air is determined by its purity (almost complete absence of dust and microbes), high levels of iodine, nitrogen and oxygen, phytoncides and ions. Fresh air cures oxygen deficiency. Sea breeze increases functionals of breathing and cardiovascular systems, deepens breath, improves gas exchange and stimulates dermal and vascular reflexes.

Air ions, active biological substances, improve lungs ventilation; stimulate oxygen extraction and carbon dioxide excretion, metabolism and vitamin synthesis, immune system; increase the number of red cells and the level of hemoglobin in blood, mental and physical skills. Air ions are held in the air at a distance of 200 meters from the sea brink. In spring and in summer, strong winds and big waves increase their content in the air. Air therapy can be taken all year round, it includes staying dressed in the open air, sleeping outside, taking air baths.

Vegetation characteristic to mild subtropical climate has a vast diversity of growing species. Forests and forest parks take up to 80% of the resort territory. The green zone if the resort plays an important part in the process of treatment. Produced by plants, Phytonicides - essential oils in the air - prevent microbes and viruses, improve breathing, normalize heart rate and blood pressure, trigger oxidation process and metabolism, reduce inflammatory process in the broncho pulmonary system. Thus the sea side park zone proves to be a natural inhalation.

The term “ tallasic therapy “ is widely spread nowadays. The term stands for complex influence of sea air, sun radiation and swimming in the sea, ie - it is sea coast climate therapy. It is the basic method of treatment and illness prevention in most seaside towns. Black Sea is the warmest sea in Russia. An average temperature of water in Sochi District in August reaches +27C +28C. The beach season lasts 6-7 months a year.

Black Sea water represents a complex set of physical, chemical and biological features. The mineralized surface layers of Black Sea water comprises 18,5 grams/ liter. The concentration of bromine in the Black Sea waters is similar to middle bromide-iodine concentration of Ust-Kachka resort water or iodine-bromide water of Khadyzhensky spring.

The application of sea waters for treatment has been widely spread since the ancient times. Doctors in ancient Egypt prescribed their patients sea baths. Antique doctors prescribed to take Sea water to cure stomach, bladder diseases and anaemia.

Nowadays sea baths take the leading role in world resorts therapy.

A number of factors influence human body while bathing. Cold effect of sea water due to the difference in the air and sea thermal conductivity, hydrostatic pressure, physical activity and the emotions to the bathing greatly influence hemodynamics (blood circulation), change blood supply in organs and tissues, have frank hypotensive effect, decrease heart palpitations, stimulate metabolism.

While bathing, electrolytes may penetrate in the skin, thus stimulating metabolism and cells functions, normalizing the nerves, the sea rate, the blood morphology; stimulating adrenal cortical synthesis; increasing the skin sensitivity to UV rays (be careful while sunbathing!).

The city health resorts mostly use: swimming and bathing in the sea or in the swimming pools with sea water, sea baths. Sea water is used for inhalation, gargling, all sorts of spraying and washing, showers and for pine, herbal and different mud baths.

Hydro thermal springs base of the Resort*

Mineral Springs - underground (less likely surface) springs that produce water containing high level of minerals or other dissolved substances, salts, sulfur compounds and the gases that alter its taste or give it a purported therapeutic value. 

More useful articles

Sochi has several times held international events at the highest level possible. FIFA2017 Confederation Cup and 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ will become unprecedented world projects and big achievements of the city. Due to the World football tournaments well equipped football fields will be built in addition to the modern high tech football stadium Fisht. FIFA 2017 Confederation Cup matches made Sochi Resort very attractive for tourists thus having enhanced the tourist flow in long term perspective. Within the framework of FIFA 2017 Confederation Cup Sochi stadium Fisht held 4 matches: 3 qualifying matches on the 19th, 21st and the 25th of June, 2017, and the tournament semifinal on the 29th of June. The Confederation Cup viewers are a special category of viewers. Football fans of Australian, German, New Zealand, Mexican and Cameron teams, who have taken long hours flights only to see the national team play with their own eyes, could not but cause admiration. More than 115 thousand people came to Sochi matches. The football atmosphere spread through the city. Sochi received highest praise from the best football teams. Joachim Low, German National coach, called Sochi amazing. “All football players and football fans who had come from Germany liked the city very much. The beauty of Sochi, its infrastructure pleased them a lot. They also liked hospitality of people in Sochi. Whatever the tournament results will be, Sochi impresses us much” said Reinhard Grindel, German football Union President . Within the framework of 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™, Sochi will hold 6 matches: 4 qualifying matches on the 15th, 18th, 23d and 26th of June, 1/8 final on the 30th of June and 1/4 final on the 7th of July, 2018. In the first half of a day there will be held educational sports programs on the field; and during the day the fans will enjoy the music entertainment program, apart from football live transmissions. Russian and foreign pop Stars, and some regional music groups as well, will take part in the entertainment process. Different programs for the young viewers, visits of famous football players, express interviews with sportsmen, contests among the viewers and regional team plays are planned to take place on the “Fans Festival” field. Sochi invites you to take part in the 2018 World football event and visit 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ matches on Sochi stadium Fisht. Sochi fans and the Resort guests have now the opportunity to choose the matches and buy tickets to 2018 World football Cup. The schedules are already published - so we know what teams will play at what days. On the 1st of December the toss up results determined the matches that will be held in Sochi. The schedule for the 2018 World football Cup teams is as follows: In the Group Stage: 15th of June. Portugal versus Spain 18th of June. Belgium versus Panama 26th of June. Austria versus Peru 23d of June. Germany versus Swiss Final matches in Sochi: 30th of June. 1/8 final 7th of July. 1/4 final As you can see, Sochi will witness the results of four group stage matches and two semifinal. The matches will be held on the stadium Fisht, Adler district.

People started to explore the territory of present day Sochi 400-350 years ago in the early Paleolithic Period. Sochi was an important city in antique and medieval history. Manifold archeological sites have been found and explored: caves, ancient settlements, stone monuments known as dolmens, ruins of fortresses and churches, burial grounds, kurgan burials and so on.  Archeological excavations on the territory of Sochi proved the city to be unique taking into consideration the number of archeological and historical heritage sites. Such archeological memorial sites give retrospective view of people’ lives many centuries ago. The remnants show how they lived, worked, the clothes they wore. We discover their houses, art objects, cult places and so on.  More than 200 archeological sites are registered as unique archeological heritage sites. Byzantine – style fortress on Goldlik River, Lazarevskiy District, and medieval churches in the settlement Lo-o are among them. “The period of early Middle Ages in present day Sochi is represented by numerous hill forts, fortresses and churches.” - says an archeologist U. N. Voronov. In the early antique period (4-1 century BC) on the north-eastern seacoast of the Black Sea there lived tribes of Aehi, Zygii and Geonihi, and in the first centuries AD the area of Sochi was populated by Sanigi who belonged to Genionikh tribes conglomerate before that. In middle Ages, there lived tribes of Abkhaz-Adyghe language groups and in the first half of the 19th century - Adyghe (Black Sea Shapsugi), Ubykh and Abazun (Sadzy). From the second half of the XVIth century the Caucasian territory became the arena of Russian confrontation with Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Persia, which ended in signing the Treaty of Adrianople. According to the peace treaty the Black Sea territory from river Kuban to the St. Nickolas fortress (to the south of city Poty, Georgia) came to Russia. During the Caucasian War in the 30s, the 19th century, the first Russian Black Sea outpost was set up to protect people living along the coastline. On the territory of Sochi, Russian soldiers built fortresses: the Holy Ghost fortress (Adler), fortress Aleksandria (Sochi), Lazarev fortress (Lazarevskoe), Golovinskoe (Golovinka) and others. Some fortresses ruins preserved to the present days and are now considered historical heritage.  After the Caucasian War (1864) native people / Adyghe (Shapsugi, Ubykh, Abazun (Sazdy) were forced to abandon their motherland.  After the decree, promoting population transfer of people from all over the Russian Empire to the Sochi area the territory of the Black Sea Coast was quickly resettled. There lived Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Armenians, Georgians, Greeks, Estonians, Moldavians and other nationalities, representing a colourful combination of the present day Sochi. All the forthcoming events determined the future resort city - Sochi appearance and development.  The Caucasian War ended (in 1864) and people started to explore and study remedial effects of the Black Sea coast. At this very moment, the process of division of lands was in its full swing. The government proved to be unable to solve the problem of industrial exploration of the territory and had to attract private capital to cope with it. Thus, Russian bourgeoisie circles felt the benefits of the territory, new branches to invest and raise the profits.  When in 1868 newspapers printed numerous articles about the land division a group of intellectuals led by Peter and Alexander Vereshchagins (brothers) decided to make an association of specialists not only in agriculture but in factory industries as well. There were 50 specialists in the association. They were interested in the Black Sea coast and it was Sochi (Post Dakhovky), that they chose as a central settlement for their purpose. “It so happens,” writes F. P. Dobrokhotov - the author of the guidebook «the Caucasian Black Sea coast», 1916, - comrades spread out over the coast, but their colonization plans were not over.”  In 1872, a villa called “Vera” was built on the territory of N.N Mamontov’s estate. The villa, considered the first datcha (summer house) was built on the territory of Big Sochi. Then Sochi country house building experiences some decline... A special committee, launched in 1898, that studied the Black Sea coast territory from towns Novorossisk to Sukhumi, played an important role in development of Sochi – as a Resort. The committee consisted of professors A.I.Voejkov, F. I. Pasternatskiy and a mine engineer A. V. Sergeev. They read their report to the first all-Russian convention on climatology, hydrology and balneology, which took place in St. Petersburg, 1898. The report said that natural resources, the Black Sea territory is rich for, made it possible to create water health resorts. However, it required sound investments, governmental support and involvement of specialists. The Tzar government stepped away from the problem but it was solved with the assistance of prominent individuals and their investments.  At the end of XIX - beginning of the XX centuries rich lands of the Black Sea coast attracted attention of big industrials and entrepreneurs. A decree dating from 23 of May 1896, made the Black Sea District that was part of the Kuban territory, a separate and independent Black Sea Gubernia (a county). That was the smallest Gubernia in Russia (6455 square miles). Simultaneously the Land being under Sochi custodianship became a District. The Sochi District boundaries spread from the Dederukaj River (present-day Lazarevskiy District) to Sukhumi (Gagra city). In 1901, Sukhumi District was added to Sochi District. Since then Sochi District boundaries have spread from the sea to the main Caucasian mountain ridge - from Shakhe River on the north to Bzych River on the south, including Gagra city. According to the same Decree (23 of May, 1896) , the Dakhovsky Posad (administrative division of settlements in Russian Empire) was named Sochi Posad in the name of Ubykh settlement - “soatshe” that populated the territory until 1864. On 1 May, 1898, Sochi Posad was included into the list of settlements with a simplified public administration - classified as an urban village. The administration consisted of the village headman, his assistant and 12 elected commissioners.  Only after the inclusion of the Vereshchagins, the Khludlovkys and the Katkovo-Leontevs dachas (summer houses) and private estates of the Kostarevs, the Tolokonnikovs, Khudekovs and others into the Posad territory, Sochi got the status of a city ( 31st of July, 1917). Within Sochi District, there were big private estates of count S. D. Sheremetev, S. I. Kovalevskaya, Prince Michael, Tzar country estate “Dagomys” and many others. The building of a highway Novorossisk-Sukhumi and wide media coverage of the committee reports in 1898 contributed to lager investment and further construction of dachas and resort places in Sochi District. The price of land rose and the owners were selling parts of their estates for the construction of dachas, guesthouses and hotels.  At the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries the architecture of Sochi had its own unique features, characteristic to sea resort towns and greatly deferent from that of other Russian provinces. The main Sochi construction plan was to create a city like a garden. The architectural system had a feature of a pavilion construction, characteristic to parks, aiming to harmonize the city architecture with the landscape. Sochi was particularly proud of its beautiful parks.  S. N. Khudekov - the author of a notable book “The History of Dance”, the editor and publisher of “St. Petersburg newspaper”- founded a special park – Aboretum Park - in 1892, where he collected and planted over 1500 species of plants from all over the world. It is the largest subtropical park in Russia. (Historical and cultural heritage of federal significance).  “Riviera public garden is a “specialty” of Sochi. It was founded in 1898 and belonged to V. A. Khludov - an honorable, notable citizen of Moscow, an heir of the oldest merchant dynasty. The garden has more than 240 species of trees and bushes, 50 of which are particularly valuable and unique. In 1901-1903 professor A. N. Krasnov founded a park of subtropical flora in Khosta. In 1910-1911, following a project of a famous landscape architect A. Regel, there was founded a park in “Sluchaynoe” estate (Sovkhoz “Uzhnye Cultury” public garden) in Adler.  Climate and environmental conditions in the village Uchdere near Sochi made it a perfect place to open a tuberculosis detection centre. In 1900 a minister of Agriculture and State Property A. S. Yermolov presented a piece of land in the village Uchdere (55 square hectares) to Empress Maria institute for pupils with poor health. Romanov recreation boarding school, donated by the institute, was opened and blessed in 1914. Many Moscow officials and prominent people had their dachas and estates in the village Uchdere and around it: Dacha of Evgenii Vasilyevich Pavlov - a professor, a doctor of medicine, a surgeon and a Private Councilor; Estate of Princes Konstantin Konstantinovich and Dmitry Konstantinovich; Dacha of Nikolay Savvich Abaza - a doctor of medicine, a member of State Council, head of printing and publishing ministry; Dacha of Grigory Alexandrovich Krestovnikov - the chairman of Moscow Exchange Committee, the Chairman of Moscow Merchant Bank; Dacha of Feodor Nikiforovich Plevako - a famous lawyer and court speaker; Estate of Dmitiy Sergeevich Sheremetev - a count, aide-de-camp in the Russian Empire; Dachas of entrepreneurs: Aristov, Shipov and others.  All the estates were located not far from the sea and had beautiful gardens stretching 3-5 hectares long with exotic plants. Twenty estates and their constructions of the late XIX - the beginning of XX centuries preserved to the present days and registered as objects of historic and cultural heritage of Russia.  The government did not provide any real assistance to the development of Sochi District. Sochi headman A. Kartashov noted in his report to the convention of activists of Caucasian Black Sea coast, which took place in St. Petersburg in 1913: “the significance of Sochi for Russia as a health resort is widely covered by media and its popularity in this respect is so big that there is hardly a town or a village throughout the whole territory of European or Asian parts of Russia, where people have never heard of Sochi...” However, due to the poor organization, “lots of people prefer going abroad and spend there millions of rubles thus enriching the Resorts there... and our Resorts, being richer for natural and environmental resources, are in great decline and misery...” However, at that time all the concerns and suggestions of Sochi municipals were left unattended by the government. After the October Revolution (1917) and the Civil War (1918-1920) Sochi experiences construction boost reaching its high point in the 30s. The first general plan of Sochi reconstruction approved in 1934. Greatest architects I. V. Zholtovskiy, V. A. Schuko, A. V. Shchusev and new but promising architects I. S. Kuznetsov, K. P. Chernopyatov, V. V. Efimovich, brothers A.A. and K.A. Vesnins and others were involved in the process.  Sochi reconstruction was held frantically, projects were drawn alongside the construction itself. A road to the Akhun Mountain peak and an Observation tower (the design of the architect S.I. Vorobyov) 30 meters high were built in 1935. Nowadays the tower serves a monument of soviet architecture and city construction.  Such difficult architectural constructions as the Riviera Bridge, Vereshchagin and Matsesta viaducts (civil architecture and engineering heritage) were built in the shortest terms. In 5 years (1934 - 1939) there were built 19 new spa resorts – Primorye Spa Resort, Pravda Spa Resort, Zolotoy Kolos Spa Resort , spa resorts named after S. M. Kirov, S Ordzhonikidze, Frunze, Fabrizius, and Voroshilov. Famous Sochi Matsesta Spa Resort faces serious reconstruction, new buildings are being erected, including the building “number 4” - the largest and the most comfortable according to A.P. Golubev project (monument of soviet architecture). Sochi becomes Soviet Health Resort.  The city architecture was in perfect harmony with the environmental demands and had specific features of the time. The edifices and constructions of that period still attract attention of Sochi citizens and guests.  Sochi Art Museum (former office of the USSR Commissioner responsible for the Spa Resort Sochi - Matsesta), Winter Theatre, Spa Resort named after S. Ordzhonikidze are considered to be architectural and city construction monuments of federal significance. Fourteen edifices, erected during the first wave of Sochi reconstruction and registered as soviet architectural and city construction monuments are under the protection of Russian government. During the Second World War period, Sochi resorts became hospitals housing over 300 000 soldiers and officers. After the war, the process of reconstruction became even greater.  The construction of Sochi Sea Port, the Railway Station and Passenger Sea Terminals (monuments of civil architecture), the Airport, Adler Air Terminal, the Krasnaya Polyana hydroelectric power station was finally brought to an end. Housing parts of spa resorts: Belarus’ Spa, ‘Sochi’ Integrated Spa Resort, Salyut Spa Resort, Semasko Spa Resort, and Central Clinical Resort named after F.E. Dzerzhinskiy are completed in this period. New resorts also appeared - Metallurg Spa resort, Zarya Spa Resort, Rus’ Integrated Spa Resort Federal State Institution, Progress Clinical Resort, and Chayka Spa Resort; opened Sputnik Sports and Recreation Facility, a telecentre, movies, broad-walks got new architectural design.  In 1961, the RSFSR Supreme Soviet added Adler and Lazаrevskiy District to Sochi Resorts. Sochi District now spread from village Magri (at the border with Tuapse District) to the mouth of the Psou River (at the border with Abkhazia). A new general scheme of Sochi - Resort reconstruction, planned for 25-30 years, was adopted in 1967. The scheme meant to build recreational complexes covering 145 kilometers of coast territory and identify agricultural zones. Intensive housing, industrial and hotels construction was in its full swing in those years. In 1960s hotels- Leningrad, Kuban, Sochi’ Central Military Clinical Resort, Sochi-Magnolia Hotel, Caucasus Spa Resort, Chayka Spa Resort and some years later – Kamelia Spa Resort, Zhemchuzhina Hotel, Moskva Hotel, Dagomys Wellness Facility Federal State Unitary Enterprise of the President Administration were completed. The construction of modern spa resorts such as Zelenaya Roshcha Spa Resort, Belye Nochi Spa Resort, Neva International Spa resort and others got a significant boost.

Antique times put a great emphasis on Sochi history. Ancient travelers regarded Black Sea as ominous. Ancient Greeks even called it “Inhospitable”. The tribes that Aristotle in IX BC called bloodthirsty and fierce to newcomers are to blame for it. Aehi, Zygii and Geonihi, as some antique historians claim, lived on the territory stretching from Tuapse, Sochi and up to Abkhazia, and earned their living by means of piracy and slavery. Since that time there have been told many legends about Sochi. Here are some of them: The birth of Matsesta. At night when a daughter was born in the family of a highlander Kerenduk, the mountain river reflected the Moon like a flame. So Kerenduk following the tradition of that times called his daughter Matsesta - which means flame water. Parents loved their daughter with all their hearts and she was very attentive and caring to them. The healing water. Once when her parents got very ill a holly man told Matsesta that there was a magic underground source which healing waters could cure her parents. The girl swore to get the water at any price. She got into the cave and started an unequal fight with an evil underground spirit that preserved the water from people. The victory price. The brave girl conquered the evil spirit and digged the source way to people. But she gave her life to do that. Since that time, in the honor of that brave girl, the curing water that brings people health is called like that wonderful girl - Matsesta! A legend about Dolmens At the western part of the Caucasus there lived mountain people Adyghe - or Circassians as some ancient people called them. Circassians considered Dolmens as holly constructions, they payed honors to them and guarded them. The kozaks who came to the territory one century ago called dolmen “giant’s little huts” or “devil huts”. The highlanders called dolmen “dwarf houses” (“Ispun”). European travelers to the Caucasus wrote down numerous legends, telling how giant people built houses for little dwarfs. Once upon a time in the rich land, covered with impassable thick forests, there lived only two tribes of people. A tribe of tall like an oak and fiercely looking giants and a tribe of little dwarfs. The giants lived in river valleys and hunted for living. The dwarfs lived high in the mountains, in caves, and practiced magic. The dwarfs rode hares. And the giants, although being very tall, were dumper than a fish, whereas dwarfs, being very weak, were wily as hell. The two tribes didn’t see and didn’t know about each other’s existence. But once the dwarfs came to the valley and saw how the big giants were playing, throwing rocks at one another and pulling out trees with the roots just for fun. Little dwarfs with the help of magic cunningly made the giants their servants. Once dwarfs ordered the giants to build little cozy houses for them. The giants jumped at the order and built many little stone huts with little round doors through which only dwarfs could come into their houses. Times have changed. The dwarfs themselves have long disappeared. But the huts are still on their places. A legend about Dzhegosh. Long time ago, at the mouth of river Shakhe there lived a giant Dzhegosh. He was known because he ate beautiful Adyghe girls. In time Adyghe faced a problem of bloodline continuation. Adyghe didn’t know how to get rid of the wretched giant. The time came and it happened so that there wasn’t a single girl in the settlement. Then one of the eldest man in the tribe offered to drink the giant with a “wild honey”. The Adyghe rolled out to the valley where the giant was having rest a huge barrel with the wild honey. The giant rushed to taste the honey. When he was eating the Adyghe let out wild bees that started frenetically stinging the giant. Trying to escape the giant ran away waving his hands striving to drive the bees away. Where he stepped the ground cracked and and water appeared. The giant made 33 leaps and fell dead bitten to death. This way the 33 waterfalls appeared. A legend about Prometheus. The legend is saying that in old times people didn’t know the fire. People huddled in caves, hunted with stones and dungeons and ate raw meat and roots of the plants. At the same time the Olympus life was passionate and intriguing. Once Prometheus stole a spark of the holly fire and presented it to people. The holly fire inspired people for labour and arts. They mastered crafts and arts. Zeus could not forgive Prometheus treachery. Many people know how Zeus treated the titan, but only a few know that Zeus chained Prometheus to the Eagle Rock. Zeus condemned Prometheus to great tortures in a far highland, precisely here - near Sochi. A split rock looks impressive. A cliff, nowadays called Prometheus cliff, still preserves some parts of the chains and the warmth of strong body and a flame heart. No wonder - so long one of the fiercest and bloodthirsty eagles of the local pagan gods Okhyn was tearing the giant’s chest with his sharp claws eating his liver. The Beauty Agura secretly brought some water and food to the hero for what was turned into a river. Over thousands of years the legend about the giant who gave people fire got a new meaning for Sochi. On the 5th of July, 2007, the Guatemala held the voting where Sochi claimed to be the Olympic city in 2014. Soon Sochi will have not a mythical but real fire!